Study: Classroom Pets Have Positive Impact on Children
Steve Buissinne from Pixabay
Classroom pets may help improve academic performance and social skills in children, according to a study put out by the Human Animal Bond Research Institute (HABRI), The Pet Care Trust and the American Humane. The study, recently published online, is the largest of its kind, according to the authors.
Measuring the Social, Behavioral, and Academic Effects of Classroom Pets on Third and Fourth-Grade Students assessed the social, behavioral and academic effects of the presence of small, resident classroom animals for 591 third and fourth-grade students across the United States over the 2016-2017 school year.
“The utilization of classroom pets in third and fourth grade U.S. classrooms appears to hold significant benefits for children’s social, behavioral and academic development,” said Amy McCullough, Ph.D., principal investigator and senior research advisor at American Humane. “Findings show that the presence of pets in the classroom may increase social skills and competence for children in the third and fourth grades and, additionally, be effective in decreasing select problem behaviors in the classroom.”
American Humane’s research team recruited a total of 41 classrooms across 19 schools to take part in the study. A total of 591 third and fourth grade students from 15 U.S. states were enrolled in the study. Overall, 20 participating classrooms had a pet and 21 did not. Teachers, students and parents were asked to complete survey instruments at three designated time points over the course of the study period. Teachers were not asked to change the way in which they taught and/or utilized the pet in their classroom in an effort to assess the impact of typically occurring classroom pet interaction, the researchers noted.
Across the school year, teachers with classroom pets, which ranged from guinea pigs to small reptiles, saw significantly greater increases in overall social skills, including every subscale of the social skills measure (communication, cooperation, assertion, responsibility, empathy, engagement and self-control); social competence; and academic reading competence, according to the researchers.
In addition, teachers reported significantly greater decreases in internalizing behaviors (e.g., withdrawal) and hyperactivity/inattention among their students, as compared to teachers in the control condition, without classroom pets. Parent respondents indicated they saw significantly greater increases in pro-social behaviors among their children compared to parents with children in classrooms without pets, according to the researchers.
Teachers in the intervention condition used their classroom pets for a variety of purposes (e.g., as a reward for improved behavior/academics, to help calm/relax students in stressful situations), and a little over half of the teachers taught formal lessons that focused on or utilized the pet, teaching about responsibility, animal care and welfare and a variety of other topics, according to the researchers.
“The Pet Care Trust’s Pets in the Classroom Program, a grant program which offers funding to teachers to purchase and maintain classroom pets, provides children with an opportunity to interact with pets on a daily basis—an experience that can help shape their lives for years to come,” said Jackie King, executive director of The Pet Care Trust. “While teachers have shared with us story after story about how their classroom pets have helped shy kids open up, struggling readers build confidence, aggressive children develop nurturing tendencies and apathetic students gain a new desire for learning, this newly published research helps validate our program’s positive impact, and bring us closer to our goal of helping 10 million students build self-esteem, learn important life skills and have a positive experience in the classroom with the help of a pet.”
Steven Feldman, executive director of HABRI, said, “The results of this study demonstrate pets in the classroom positively contribute to child social and cognitive development. HABRI is proud to support this important research on the benefits of the human-animal bond in schools so that more children can grow up knowing firsthand the importance of a healthy relationship with a pet in their lives.”